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What is HR Management (HRM)?

HRM is a broad area of human resources that is vital to any organisation's success and refers to the overall functioning of a company's personnel management department, starting with the recruitment of staff, the management of staff and the personal & professional development of staff throughout their employment. 

HRM is nowadays seen as an innovative form of workplace management in which employees are considered as individuals with unique goals and plans, rather than simply business resources. Human Resource Management also includes managing the employment process and ensuring that the company is operating in a way that is effective, legal, fair, and consistent.

As well as dealing with employee issues such as recruitment, salaries, compensation & benefits, performance management and disciplinary actions, HRM may also touch upon issues of organisational development, health and safety and staff motivation. 

There are a vast number of HR Management courses as this area encompasses a wide range of functions.

Strategic Human Resources Management

In some organisations, HRM can have a highly strategic component, in which case it is referred to as Strategic HRM or SHRM. This means that HR Managers also become highly involved in the overall organisational performance of their company and play key roles in improving employee commitment. This is often done by increasing communication and introducing initiatives or activities specifically geared to increase motivation, with the aim of lowering levels of absenteeism and turnover. Staff that work in HR Management and Performance Appraisals departments aim to improve the levels of skills of their employees and therefore create higher productivity, enhanced quality and efficiency.

Related areas: Recruitment, Employee Relations and Learning & Development

One of the main responsibilities of HR departments is recruitment. Hiring new employees is a primary duty in any organisation, and is often carried out by HR officers.

Relationships between employers and employees require work, communication and management, which also often falls in the remit of HR departments. 

Many HR departments and managers are also to some extent involved in planning and organising learning and development activities for their staff. This will tend to be the case in smaller organisations, while larger companies will be more likely to have dedicated Training or Learning & Development Managers. 

This is a broad field and it is important to choose areas you wish to focus on and to take HR Management courses that will provide the skills required to excel in these areas.